I am feminist; hear me roar
The church's social teaching compels us to be concerned with human dignity, including that of women. Catholics ought to be loud and proud to fight for women's rights, a young feminist argues.
by Megan Sweas, U.S. Catholic Assistant Editor
I still remember the first time I heard a friend utter the words I considered near blasphemy: "I'm not a feminist."
I was shocked. We were bright junior high girls in the age of the Spice Girls' "girl power," and I, for one, had been raised a feminist by a 1960s feminist mother.
I wasn't burning my training bras or hating men (they weren't on the radar screen yet anyway), but my feminism was ardently liberal and a huge reason I struggled with my Catholic faith.
Over the past few years, I have become more immersed in the Catholic world and I've learned that I'm not the only one who struggles with faith and feminism. There are, of course, many who reject Catholicism outright because of the way it regards women, and a few who courageously fight to change the 2,000-year-old patriarchal institution.
On the other hand, it seems that many vocal Catholics are saying, "I'm not a feminist." For whatever reason-it's too radical, man-hating, or pro-choice-a number of Catholic men and women deny or qualify feminism. By doing so, though, they are only hurting themselves and their sisters.
It's time Catholics, both men and women, opened up the conversation between these two points of view. I will always hope the church will treat women in its ranks more equally, but in opening this conversation, I also have come to see a positive relationship between Catholicism and an active feminism that aims to protect the rights of the most vulnerable. Because women, and consequently their children, still hold a more vulnerable position in society than men do, Catholics must fight for them.
Realizing this has allowed me to be as proud of being a Catholic as I am of being a feminist. For other Catholics, I hope reflecting on faith and feminism moves them to declare themselves proud to be feminists as well.
A popular Catholic alternative to feminism these days is "new feminism," Pope John Paul IIII's idea that women should embrace their "feminine genius," or capacity for physical and spiritual motherhood. New feminists defend the dignity of women who choose to stay home, a personal decision I admire, though I would not agree that all women are blessed with feminine genius simply based on gender.
My feminist mother stayed home for nearly 20 years raising my brother and me, but she taught me that feminism extended beyond home life. Feminism is activism-protecting the rights of women in both the public and private sphere. As a feminist, I raise women's issues with friends and at work; I lobby for legislation and vote (knowing women have only had this right for less than 90 years and currently hold only 16 percent of congressional seats); I give to organizations that support women in the United States and abroad.
My greatest qualm with "new feminism" is that it is not activist. Moreover it is not concerned with the least of these among us, but families that can afford to live off one income while one parent stays home.
Catholic feminism is not about a personal decision about vocation, nor is it only about breaking glass ceilings; it is about simply keeping the floor under women, respecting their dignity and rights as people.
Third World feminists, often women of color, challenge "mainstream" (western, predominantly white) feminists to struggle not only with issues of gender but also those of race, culture, and class. This is essentially what Catholic feminism does. Catholic teachings on solidarity demand that we listen to the marginalized and oppressed. In this sense, Catholic social teaching and feminism go hand-in-hand on many issues.
Catholics, for instance, take a feminist stance on workers' rights. Issues like fair pay, family leave, and flexible scheduling allow women more equitable treatment at work, but they also promote the good of the family. This isn't just about the do-it-all mom in upper management; it's about families struggling to maintain even a middle-class lifestyle with two salaries and single moms earning the minimum wage.
We need to fight for the likes of Lilly M. Ledbetter, who sued Goodyear when she learned she was paid less than the lowest-paid man at her level. Women, who still earn $.78 for $1 earned by men, were handed a setback when the Supreme Court ruled last May that complaints must be filed within 180 days of the discriminatory pay decision, even if the employee only learns of the discrimination much later.
The ruling also went against Catholic principles for the rights of the worker, which include the just wage. The decision was hailed for protecting businesses, but from a Catholic perspective, the economy must serve the people, not the other way around.
Catholics are also feminists in our preferential option for the poor and concern for human rights such as health care, education, food and shelter, and protection from violence. Feminists must take Catholic social teaching seriously because women are especially hurt by poverty and the violation of their rights and dignity as human beings.
The U.S. Census Bureau found that the poverty rate of female-headed households was about 30 percent in 2005. Catholic feminists should support an adequate social safety net to protect families in this country and health care for mothers and children.
Cardinal Renato Martino, the president of the Pontifical Council for Justice and Peace, recently pointed out that this is an issue worldwide as well: "It must not be forgotten that today extreme poverty has, above all, the face of women and children, especially in Africa," he said last August.
The United Nations' Millennium Development Goals (MDMDGs), aimed at reducing global poverty, reveal that gender equality (goal #3) and women's access to employment, education, and health care are economic problems. For those who live on less than a dollar a day-the majority of whom are female-putting food on the table is a women's issue.
Catholic feminists can act in solidarity with these women by supporting development efforts. Microloans for women, co-ops, and education programs have become key strategies for development because it is now widely accepted that economies develop where women's conditions improve.
Still, women seeking a better life elsewhere are now half of all migrants worldwide, according to Caritas Internationalis, the church's humanitarian organization. Caritas focuses on women and migration because women are more vulnerable to exploitation and trafficking than their male counterparts.
Violence affects female migrants, women in war-torn countries, rape victims shunned in their cultures, as well as American wives facing domestic abuse and college students facing sexual assault. Fighting this violence, in my opinion, is one of the most important causes for feminists. Because each man and woman has dignity as a human being, Catholics, too, are called to confront and prevent violence against women wherever it may be.
But what about the elephant in the room: Is human dignity upheld by providing or denying women with what we feminists call "reproductive rights"?
Certainly some say this is an either/or question, but this term is quite broad. Catholics and feminists have a variety of views when they're considering the various issues it covers: abortion, birth control, sex education, condoms in AIDS-ravaged countries, incest, rape, or rape as a tool of terror and war.
There is some good news on the prickliest of these issues, abortion: A study commissioned by Catholics in Alliance for the Common Good found that from 1982 to 2000, benefits for pregnant women, employment, economic assistance, child care reduced abortions. These are all women's issues Catholic feminists can fight for while protecting the unborn.
Being Catholic and feminist isn't easy, but the important part is that Catholics bring their faith to bear on their feminism, ask tough questions, and act on their beliefs.
When I was angered by my junior high friend distancing herself from feminism, I'm not sure I could define feminism. In fact, it remains a flexible term covering a large and diverse movement.
But the statement "I'm not a feminist" still irks me. Women and men must look critically at the world, take into account their values, and figure out what it means for them to support their mothers, sisters, and daughters' dignity and rights. If Catholics did so, I think all would be as proud as I am to say, "I am a feminist."
Each month, advance copies of Sounding Board & Feedback are mailed to a representative sample of U.S. Catholic subscribers. Their answers to questions about Sounding Board & Feedback-along with a balanced selection of their comments about the article as a whole-eventually appear in the pages of U.S. Catholic magazine.